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Global infrastructure trends: Developments in sustainability



Global infrastructure trends: Developments in sustainability


[1] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects, 2018:

[2] United Nations Climate Action, “Cities and Pollution contribute to climate change,” accessed in July 2020:

[3]  Deblina Saha, “Low-carbon infrastructure: an essential solution to climate change?” World Bank Blogs, 5 Apr. 2018:

[4] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, “Water and cities,” International Decade for Action, ‘Water for Life,’ 2005–2015, accessed in July 2020:

[5] United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Economic Losses, Poverty & Disasters, 1998–2017:

[6] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Sustainable Development, “The 17 Goals,” accessed in July 2020:

[7] European Commission press release, “The European Green Deal sets out how to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050, boosting the economy, improving people’s health and quality of life, caring for nature, and leaving no one behind,” 11 Dec. 2019:

[8] Alan Livsey, “Lex in depth: the $900bn cost of ‘stranded energy assets’,” Financial Times, 4 Feb. 2020:

[9]  Vitor Gaspar, David Amaglobeli, Mercedes Garcia-Escribano, Delphine Prady and Mauricio Soto, IMF Staff Discussion Note: Fiscal Policy and Development: Human, Social, and Physical Investment for the SDGs, 23 January 2019:  

[10]  EABW Editor, “How To Scale Up Sustainable Infrastructure,” EABW News, 6 Jan. 2020:

[11] Pascal Mittermaier, “The Coming Rise of Urban Infrastructure: Greening the Gray,” HuffPost, 31 Aug. 2017:

[12] International Finance Corporation, Climate Investment Opportunities in Cities: An IFC Analysis, 2018:

[13] John Bates and David Leibling, “Spaced Out: Perspectives on parking policy,” The Royal Automobile Club Foundation for Motoring, July 2012:

[14] Julian Kettle, “Mining sector faces energy transition conundrum,” Financial Times, 18 Feb. 2020:

[15] Padraig Belton, “What happens to all the old wind turbines?” BBC News, 7 Feb. 2020:

[16]  Johanna Lehne and Felix Preston, “Making Concrete Change: Innovation in Low-carbon Cement and Concrete,” Chatham House, 13 June 2018:

[17] PwC, Understanding Total Impact Measurement and Management (TIMM), accessed in July 2020:

[18] Construction Climate Challenge, “Stockholm Metro Extension project reduces carbon from planning to completion,” 28 Aug. 2017:

[19] PwC and Global Infrastructure Facility, Increasing private sector investment into sustainable city infrastructure, January 2020:

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